Simple Selected Verb: Drinking
In this section let's try to learn few verbs. Simple selected Verb series introduces to you few simple verbs. The verbs pibati (पिबति), pibaami (पिबामि), pibasi (पिबसि) to start with. All of these words mean 'drinking'. While the sentence 'he is drinking' is translated with Sanskrit it would be saha pibati (सः पिबति). Saha (सः) mean 'he'. The verb pibati (पिबति) can be used with the third person singular forms. Saa pibati (सा पिबति) means 'she is drinking'. The word esha (एषः) and eshaa (एषा) also means 'he' and 'she'. We have explained the slight difference between these words in simple words section.
With the first person singular, I, the verb becomes pibaami (पिबामि). 'I am drinking' is aham pibaami (अहं पिबामि). With the second person singular, You, the verb becomes pibasi (पिबसि). 'You are drinking' is tvam pibasi (त्वं पिबसि). Now that you have noticed that with the difference forms of pronoun the verb changes.
Later in the grammar sections we explain in detail how the verb changes according to the different forms of the pronoun in the sentence. Similar to many other languages, in Sanskrit too, the grammatical person affects the verb conjugation.
Word Pronunciation Meaning (In that order)
पिबति Pibati Drinking (He/She)
पिबामि Pibaami Drinking (I)
पिबसि Pibasi Drinking (You)
का पिबति? KaaPibati? (Who is drinking?)
अहं पिबामि। Ahampibaami. ( I am drinking)
त्वं पिबसि। Tvampibasi. (You are drinking)
Couple of questions:
Kaa is 'who' (female)
kaha is 'who' (male)
But how do I know when asking the question, what gender is 'who'. In the sense, I walk into a dark room and someone's drinking water (male or female), should I ask, 'kaa pibati' or 'kaha pibati'?
What about 'you', tvam. Is there a male/female distinction for tvam?
thvam(you) yuvaam(you two) yooyam(ye/you plural)
aham (me/myself) aavaam (we both) vayam (we(/us) plural) has applied with singular and plural rules and it has its general application and does not differ as per the gender, it only differs as per the numbers.
2) In Samsrutham, there are basically seven signs of questioning (Prashnavaachakaaha), they include one of this:
kaha? -who, kow? -who (for two individuals) ke? - who in plural;
kaa? - who(female), ke?- who for two female individuals; kaaha? -who -for more than tow/plural (female);
kim? -what, ke? - what for two things ; kaani?- what , when there are more than two/plural.
So when you enter the dark room, you may use any of the above to know who or what, but in practice either it is used mostly as "ke?"/kaha? (when you assume there is more than one, it is always ke?) for the questioning intending to know the answer. Once you know the answer that it was a female you continue the conversation accordingly.
But when ke? is used, you shall complete the sentence in plural form only.
Thats lot of informaiton. Good Learning for us... Thank you so much..!!
Thanks. Great explanation.
TVAM is for both Masculine and Feminine
No. There is no difference for males and females in tvam
Thank you so much for this beautifully thought out, easy to learn model of Sanskrit. Thank u ...
Iam trying to use sanskrit in day to day life conversations and this is the page Iam looking for . Keep up the good work. Please let me know how to say the following in sanskrit
- Lets go for lunch
- Lets have tea
I was trying to learn this beautiful language since many years. I’m happy to learn @the age of 83years. I am grateful to you.God bless you and your family
I would like to know the meaning of "Peetavantaha"