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Sanskrit alphabet


(a)  (aa)  इ(i)  (ee)  (u)  ऊ(oo)  ऋ(r)  ॠ(r)  लृ(lr)  ए(e)  ऐ(ai)  ओ(o)  औ(au)



Anuswaara and Visarga

अं(am)  अः(aha)



(ka)  ख(kha)  ग(ga)  घ(gha)  ङ(nga)


(cha)  छ(chha)  ज(ja)  झ(jha)  ञ(nja)


(ta)  ठ(tha)  ड(da)  ढ(dha) (na)


(ta)  थ(tha)  द(da)  ध(dha)  न(na)


(pa) (pha) (ba) (bha) (ma)


(ya)  र(ra)  ल(la)  व(va)  श(sha)  ष(sha)      (sh)  ह(ha)


Audio files coming soon for this section. 


Guest (not verified) Wed, 12/05/2012 - 23:40

I have only finished cpying the leters of the alpahbet and i´m having so much fun.
Thank you.

Guest (not verified) Thu, 01/23/2014 - 15:46

In reply to by Guest (not verified)

So thrilling to learn Sanskrit, the language dearest to my heart ! Thanks Atri

Guest (not verified) Sun, 12/21/2014 - 07:29

Can you kindly provide word-examples using these vowels 8th and 9th ? One person has requested for the use of two consonants here under. I believe , the first one, ie. the 5th consonant in Ka- varga is used in Saarnga along with the 3rd consonant in K-varga. Exactly similar is the situation in the second doubt raised by the person concerned. Example- Anjali. the nja part is a combination of 5th and 3rd consonant in cha- varga.

Guest (not verified) Wed, 01/06/2016 - 18:10

HI I am Hariprasad from today I am just trying to learn sanskrit through this tool I got struck with this लृ(lr) letter can you please tell me the letter and how to pronounce this. (not verified) Mon, 02/06/2017 - 14:11

अविद्यया मृत्युं तीर्त्वा विद्ययामृतमश्नुते l

Guest (not verified) Wed, 08/02/2017 - 02:08

Sanskrit alphabet
a(a) ā(aa) i(i) ī(ee) u(u) ū(oo) ṛ(r) ṝ(r) lṛ(lr) e(e) ai(ai) o(o) au(au)

Anuswaara and Visarga
aṁ(am) aḥ(aha)

ka(ka) kha(kha) ga(ga) gha(gha) ṅa(nga)

ca(cha) cha(chha) ja(ja) jha(jha) ña(nja)

ṭa(ta) ṭha(tha) ḍa(da) ḍha(dha) ṇa(na)

ta(ta) tha(tha) da(da) dha(dha) na(na)

pa(pa) pha(pha) ba(ba) bha(bha) ma(ma)

ya(ya) ra(ra) la(la) va(va) śa(sha) ṣa(sha) sa(sh) ha(ha)

Guest (not verified) Tue, 04/14/2020 - 17:11

Your page is very cool, i have bookmarked it.

Guest (not verified) Fri, 10/02/2020 - 01:09

In reply to by Guest (not verified)

You are right in observing a similarity in the script used for Sanskrit and Hindi. To my knowledge only three indian languages use the Devanaagri script viz. Sanskrit, Hindi and Marathi. That's the reason you felt a certain kinship with the Hindi script. Please rest assured the grammatical rules are quite different and unique in each language. Pronunciations may also differ for some consonants across these languages sharing this script. It is however true that almost all Indian (and some Indo-European) languages are derived or at least have a deep connection with Sanskrit grammar and vocabulary even without sharing the script. Hope that answers your question.

Guest (not verified) Sun, 02/28/2021 - 15:03

Why there is no Ksha, Tra, and Gnya the last three letters in Sanskrit as in Hindi or Nepali.

Guest (not verified) Thu, 03/18/2021 - 16:47

In reply to by Guest (not verified)

These three letters are also shown in Hindi, Nepali or other Hindustani languages 'Varna Mala' but they are not independent/individual alphabets. That is why sometime not appear in Sanskrit VARNAMALA.
1. In letter "Ksha" there are two letters "ka" + 'sha",
2. in letter Gnya = Ga+n+ya 3. In "tra" = T + ra .