Skip to main content

Sanskrit alphabet

Vowels: 

(a)  (aa)  इ(i)  (ee)  (u)  ऊ(oo)  ऋ(r)  ॠ(r)  लृ(lr)  ए(e)  ऐ(ai)  ओ(o)  औ(au)

 

 

Anuswaara and Visarga

अं(am)  अः(aha)

 

Consonants 

(ka)  ख(kha)  ग(ga)  घ(gha)  ङ(nga)

 

(cha)  छ(chha)  ज(ja)  झ(jha)  ञ(nja)

 

(ta)  ठ(tha)  ड(da)  ढ(dha) (na)

 

(ta)  थ(tha)  द(da)  ध(dha)  न(na)

 

(pa) (pha) (ba) (bha) (ma)

 

(ya)  र(ra)  ल(la)  व(va)  श(sha)  ष(sha)      (sh)  ह(ha)

 

Audio files coming soon for this section. 

Comments

Guest (not verified)

I have only finished cpying the leters of the alpahbet and i´m having so much fun.
Thank you.
Adri.

Wed, 12/05/2012 - 23:40 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

In reply to by Guest (not verified)

So thrilling to learn Sanskrit, the language dearest to my heart ! Thanks Atri

Thu, 01/23/2014 - 15:46 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

Can you kindly provide word-examples using these vowels 8th and 9th ? One person has requested for the use of two consonants here under. I believe , the first one, ie. the 5th consonant in Ka- varga is used in Saarnga along with the 3rd consonant in K-varga. Exactly similar is the situation in the second doubt raised by the person concerned. Example- Anjali. the nja part is a combination of 5th and 3rd consonant in cha- varga.

Sun, 12/21/2014 - 07:29 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

HI I am Hariprasad from today I am just trying to learn sanskrit through this tool I got struck with this लृ(lr) letter can you please tell me the letter and how to pronounce this.

Wed, 01/06/2016 - 18:10 Permalink
shivacap@yahoo.com (not verified)

अविद्यया मृत्युं तीर्त्वा विद्ययामृतमश्नुते l

Mon, 02/06/2017 - 14:11 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

Sanskrit alphabet
Vowels:
a(a) ā(aa) i(i) ī(ee) u(u) ū(oo) ṛ(r) ṝ(r) lṛ(lr) e(e) ai(ai) o(o) au(au)

Anuswaara and Visarga
aṁ(am) aḥ(aha)

Consonants
ka(ka) kha(kha) ga(ga) gha(gha) ṅa(nga)

ca(cha) cha(chha) ja(ja) jha(jha) ña(nja)

ṭa(ta) ṭha(tha) ḍa(da) ḍha(dha) ṇa(na)

ta(ta) tha(tha) da(da) dha(dha) na(na)

pa(pa) pha(pha) ba(ba) bha(bha) ma(ma)

ya(ya) ra(ra) la(la) va(va) śa(sha) ṣa(sha) sa(sh) ha(ha)

Wed, 08/02/2017 - 02:08 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

Devanāgarī / Gujanāgarī / Romanāgarī Alphabet

अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ऋ ॠ ऌ ॡ ए ऐ ओ औ ऍ ऑ अः अम्‌ अन्‌
અ આ ઇ ઈ ઉ ઊ ઋ ૠ ઌ ૡ એ ઐ ઓ ઔ ઍ ઑ અઃ અમ્‌ અન્‌
a ā i ī u ū ṛ ṝ ḷ ḹ e ai o au ă ŏ aḥ am‌ an‌

अं आं इं ईं उं ऊं एं ऐं ओं औं ॐ अँ आँ इँ ईँ उँ ऊँ एँ
અં આં ઇં ઈં ઉં ઊં એં ઐં ૐ ઔં ૐ અઁ આઁ ઇઁ ઈઁ ઉઁ ઊઁ એઁ
ȧ ā̇ ï ī̇ u̇ ū̇ ė aï ȯ au̇ OM a̐ ā̐ i̐ ī̐ u̐ ū̐ e̐

क् ख् ग् घ् ङ् / क ख ग घ ङ
ક્ ખ્ ગ્ ઘ્ ઙ્ / ક ખ ગ ઘ ઙ
k kh g gh ṅ / ka kha ga gha ṅa

च् छ् ज् झ् ञ् / च छ ज झ ञ
ચ્ છ્ જ્ ઝ્ ઞ્ / ચ છ જ ઝ ઞ
ch chh j jh/z ñ / cha chha ja jha/za ña

ट् ठ् ड् ढ् ण् / ट ठ ड ढ ण
ટ્ ઠ્ ડ્ ઢ્ ણ્ / ટ ઠ ડ ઢ ણ
ṭ ṭh ḍ ḍh ṇ / ṭa ṭha ḍa ḍha ṇa

त् थ् द् ध् न् / त थ द ध न
ત્ થ્ દ્ ધ્ ન્ / ત થ દ ધ ન
t th d dh n / ta tha da dha na

प् फ् ब् भ् म् / प फ ब भ म
પ્ ફ્ બ્ ભ્ મ્ / પ ફ બ ભ મ
p ph/f b bh m / pa pha/fa ba bha ma

य् र् ल् ळ् व् ह् / य र ल ळ व ह
ય્ ર્ લ્ ળ્ વ્ હ્ / ય ર લ ળ વ હ
y r l ḷ v h / ya ra la ḷa va ha

श् ष् स् ज्ञ् क्ष्‌ त्र् श्र्‌ / श ष स क्ष ज्ञ त्र श्र
શ્ ષ્ સ્ જ્ઞ્ ક્ષ્‌ ત્ર્ શ્ર્‌ / શ ષ સ ક્ષ જ્ઞ ત્ર શ્ર
sh ṣ s jñ kṣ tr shr / sha ṣa sa kṣa/xa jña tra shra

क़् ख़् ग़् ज़् ड़् ढ़् फ़् ऱ् ऴ् / ख़ ग़ ज़ ड़ ढ़ फ़ ऱ ऴ
ક઼્ ખ઼્ ગ઼્ જ઼્ ડ઼્ ઢ઼્ ફ઼્ ર઼્ ળ઼્ / ક઼ ખ઼ ગ઼ જ઼ ડ઼ ઢ઼ ફ઼ ર઼ ળ઼
ḳ ḳh g̣ j̣ d̤ d̤h f̣ ṛ l̤ / ḳa ḳha g̣a j̣a d̤a d̤ha f̣a ṛa l̤a

Sun, 04/12/2020 - 21:04 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

In reply to by Guest (not verified)

You are right in observing a similarity in the script used for Sanskrit and Hindi. To my knowledge only three indian languages use the Devanaagri script viz. Sanskrit, Hindi and Marathi. That's the reason you felt a certain kinship with the Hindi script. Please rest assured the grammatical rules are quite different and unique in each language. Pronunciations may also differ for some consonants across these languages sharing this script. It is however true that almost all Indian (and some Indo-European) languages are derived or at least have a deep connection with Sanskrit grammar and vocabulary even without sharing the script. Hope that answers your question.

Fri, 10/02/2020 - 01:09 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

Why there is no Ksha, Tra, and Gnya the last three letters in Sanskrit as in Hindi or Nepali.

Sun, 02/28/2021 - 15:03 Permalink
Guest (not verified)

In reply to by Guest (not verified)

These three letters are also shown in Hindi, Nepali or other Hindustani languages 'Varna Mala' but they are not independent/individual alphabets. That is why sometime not appear in Sanskrit VARNAMALA.
1. In letter "Ksha" there are two letters "ka" + 'sha",
2. in letter Gnya = Ga+n+ya 3. In "tra" = T + ra .

Thu, 03/18/2021 - 16:47 Permalink