Some simple sentences -5
We have learned the meaning of the word kutra (कुत्र), in the lesson simple interrogative words. Kutra (कुत्र) means 'where'. Let us learn few more words like atra (अत्र), tatra (तत्र), sarvatra (सर्वत्र) and anyatra (अन्यत्र), and use them in simple sentences. Atra (अत्र) means 'here'. Tatra (तत्र) means 'there'. Sarvatra (सर्वत्र) means 'everywhere'. And anyatra (अन्यत्र) means 'somewhere'.
Alexaha kutra asti? (अलेक्षः कुत्र अस्ति)? meaning 'where is Alex?' can be answered by saying alexaha tatra asti (अलेक्षः तत्र अस्ति). That means 'there is Alex' or 'Alex is there'. Or let us say, 'Alex is here'. That would be alexaha atra asti (अलेक्षः अत्र अस्ति).
We have learned before that the word na (न) is used for negation. Let us say, you would like to say 'Alex is not there'. In that case, we use the word naasti (नास्ति) which is the combination of the word na (न) and asti (अस्ति). You would say, alexaha tatra naasti. (अलेक्षः तत्र नास्ति). Further, you can also say alexaha tatra naasti (अलेक्षः तत्र नास्ति); saha anyatra asti (सः अन्यत्र अस्ति). This means 'Alex is not there; He is somewhere'. The word anyatra ( अन्यत्र) is used to translate the word 'somewhere' from English to Sanskrit.
The word vaa (वा) is usually used at the end of the sentence in order to make that sentence nearly a question. For example 'Alex is there, isn't he'? can be translated in Sanskrit to alexaha tatra asti vaa? (अलेक्षः तत्र अस्ति वा)? you can answer this question by saying aam alexaha tatra asti (आम् अलेक्षः तत्र अस्ति) if Alex is there. The word aam is an affirmative word used in the beginning of the sentence.
The word sarvatra (सर्वत्र) means 'everywhere'. We can use the word sarvatra (सर्वत्र) while translating the sentence 'Air is every where' in Sanskrit. Vaayuhu sarvatra asti (वायुः सर्वत्र अस्ति) means 'Air is everywhere'. Vaayuhu (वायुः) means 'air'.
Try to make simple sentences yourself using these simple words you have learned so far and I assure you it is going to be really fun. We have learned so far many simple words such as He, She, It, I, You and simple verbs those can be used along with these words. We have learned to use these words in simple sentences. We will further learn how to make simple conversations in later sections.